Max Kadushin (1895-1980), Papers.

  • Dates: ca. 1911-1985
  • Size: 15.5 linear ft.
  • Number of Boxes: 15
  • Languages:
    • English
    • Hebrew
  • Location: Special Collections Reading Room, Jewish Theological Seminary Library.
  • Restrictions: Reproduction of fragile items is not permitted; consult the archivist about literary rights.
  • Gift Of: Charles Kadushin
  • Date: December 13, 1990

TSH, 3/10/92

Table of Contents:

A Note on Folder Headings

Individual folders are identified in the following way on the left side of each folder: Name of Collection, box #/folder#, as in Ben Zion Bokser Papers, 4/22. Please use this format in citations and when referring to files for any other reason.

Biographical Note

Max Kadushin (1895-1980) was ordained by The Jewish Theological Seminary of America in 1920 and earned a Doctor of Hebrew Letters there in 1932. From 1921 to 1926 he was rabbi of Congregation B'nai Israel of Washington Heights in New York City. Next, Kadushin went to Chicago, where he was rabbi of Humboldt Boulevard Temple, a congregation composed of Hungarian immigrants, from 1926 to 1931. While in Chicago Kadushin helped found the Midwest Council of the Society for the Advancement of Judaism, an institution of the Reconstructionist Movement.

In 1931 Kadushin left Chicago for the University of Wisconsin, where he served as rabbi of the Hillel Foundation until 1942. From 1942 to 1952 he was director of the Hebrew High School of Greater New York, later known as the Marshaliah Hebrew High School. During the next several years he served two congregations in the New York area, the Bay Shore Jewish Center of Long Island, 1953-1954, and Synagogue Adath Israel of Riverdale, Bronx, New York, 1954-1958. From 1958 to 1960 Kadushin was professor of midrash and homiletics at the Academy for Higher Jewish Learning in New York City.

In 1960 Kadushin was invited to become visiting professor in ethics and rabbinic thought at The Jewish Theological Seminary. He held this position from 1960 to 1980, the year of his death.

Kadushin's chief scholarly work was produced in his attempt to demonstrate that rabbinic thinking presents a systematically structured world outlook. His publications include The Theology of Seder Eliahu (1932), Organic Thinking (1938), The Rabbinic Mind (1952), Worship and Ethics (1964), and A Contemporary Approach to the Mekilta (1969).

In 1923 Kadushin married Evelyn Garfiel, a psychologist, who taught at the University of Chicago, the University of Wisconsin, and the Jewish Theological Seminary. Dr. Garfiel was the author of The Service of the Heart (1958), a product of courses she taught at The Jewish Theological Seminary's Women's Institute.

Collection Description

The papers of Rabbi Max Kadushin consist primarily of lecture notes, articles, correspondence, sermons, reviews, and clippings. Some papers of Dr. Evelyn Garfiel are also included.

Of note among Kadushin's papers are some of his notes from lectures given at the Teachers College of Columbia University in 1917, as well as notes of other lectures on the Bible, his Mekilta commentary, and on his work, The Rabbinic Mind. Also included are Kadushin's notes from his years of study at the Jewish Theological Seminary, 1916 to 1923.

Other items of interest in this collection are records of meetings between Kadushin and his mentor, Mordecai M. Kaplan, from 1917 to 1918, as well as a portion of his correspondence with Kaplan from 1926 to 1929. Sermons also assume a prominent place in the collection, including a group delivered in the 1930s.

There are various journal articles written by Kadushin, as well as articles written about him, especially in the Hillel Review, 1931 to 1941. There are also reviews of some of Kadushin's published works, including Worship and Ethics and The Rabbinic Mind.

Box List

Box  Folder(s)  Description
1  Miscellaneous Files: lecture outlines, Teachers College, 1917; published journals with articles by or about Kadushin, 1940s-1960s; student essays; clippings of articles on Kadushin; Kadushin's notes on the Bible; tree certificates; calendar note on Kadushin's death, July 23, 1980.
2  Miscellaneous Files: sermons, 1930s; letters, Hebrew; notebooks and diary with talks and sermons, 1929-1930; Evelyn Garfiel's letters to her father, 1911; Evelyn Garfiel's course and lecture notes, and reprint of her book review of Louis Jacobs on Hasidic prayer; photographs.
3  Miscellaneous Files: notes on psychology of religion, 1928; notes, articles, book reviews by Kadushin; Heschel letter to Kadushin, 1943; reprints of Kadushin's introduction to Rabbinic Ethics; reviews, letters, reactions to speeches by Evelyn Garfiel; passports.
4  Miscellaneous Files: weekly meetings with Mordecai Kaplan, 1917-1918; Kaplan-Kadushin correspondence, 1926-1929; speeches and sermons; notes, reviews, syllabi, table of contents, correspondence, re The Rabbinic Mind; clippings, invitations, notes.
5  Letters to Max Kadushin and Evelyn Garfiel from students, colleagues, friends.
6  Charles Kadushin, "Language and the Logic of Social Science"; Kalman P. Bland, "Language and Reality in Early Rabbinic Prayer."
7-8  Notebooks
9  Max Kadushin's Seminary College notes, 1916-1923
10-11  Value Concepts in Jewish Thought: Evelyn Garfiel's manuscript copy, typescript copy, photocopies
12  Evelyn Garfiel files, including five notebooks from Seminary courses, 1950s and 1960s; writings by Max, Charles, and Phineas Kadushin; sermon by David Kogen, "E.T., the Extraterrestrial."
13 1 Correspondence, 1930
 2 Notes, n.d.
 3 Notes (Evelyn Garfiel), 1980s
 4 Article by Charles Kadushin in Columbia Forum, 1959
 5 Published materials not written by Max Kadushin, 1960s
 6 Copy of Outline of a New Philosophy, D.A. Greenberg, n.d.
14 1 Introduction to "The Pragmatics of Scriptural Interpretation: Essays in Memory of Max Kadushin," P. Ochs, ed.
 2 Notes (Evelyn Garfiel), n.d.
 3 Evelyn Garfiel's correspondence with publishers regarding The Service of the Heart, n.d.
 4 Corrections to Value Concepts in Jewish Thought
 5 Notes (Evelyn Garfiel), n.d.
15 1 Photocopy of final condensed version of Value Concepts in Jewish Thought